Estate Planning and the Life Insurance Trust
Confidence Takes Planning
The Preservation of Assets and the Fulfillment of Wishes
Few things give investors more confidence than knowing that the assets they have worked so hard to accumulate over the years are protected from estate taxes and preserved for their heirs. They are entitled to know that they have control over what happens to their estates when they die. Whether it’s providing income for a spouse, educating children or grandchildren, or leaving money to a favorite charity, we all want to know that the proceeds from our estates will be used to fulfill our wishes.
Yet, without planning, huge portions of estates are often sacrificed to taxes. How often do we read about situations in which sizable estates are reduced by millions because of estate taxes? It’s sad, but it happens frequently.
As of January 1, 2011, the estate tax was updated to include a $5 million applicable exclusion amount ($10 million for couples). The law requires that these taxes be paid in cash, usually within nine months after death. If most of the estate’s holdings are in real estate or other illiquid investments, heirs may have trouble raising cash to pay the estate taxes.
A Life Insurance Trust Can Help
Estates do not have to be consumed by taxes. For many, the solution may be a life insurance trust.
A trust is a legal agreement between two parties: the person who creates the trust and the person, institution or independent trust company responsible for administering the trust, known as the trustee. The trustee manages the assets placed in the trust for the benefit of the third person, the beneficiary.
A life insurance trust allows the trustee to purchase a life insurance policy on the life of the person who owns the estate. Usually, the trust is the beneficiary of the policy.
The proceeds from a life insurance trust are used to pay taxes, legal fees, probate costs and other liabilities when the person who created the trust dies. When all of these debts are paid, the trustee distributes the remaining proceeds to the beneficiaries of the trust, according to the instructions in the trust.
A Life Insurance Trust Can Reduce the Cost of Estate Taxes
The most important benefit of a life insurance trust is that it is not included in your net estate because you do not own it directly. By transferring ownership of the policy to a trust, your estate taxes can be dramatically reduced and possibly eliminated.
Another benefit is that life insurance proceeds are usually available immediately upon death, so the assets in your estate may not have to be liquidated to pay estate taxes.
A Life Insurance Trust Respects Your Unique Wishes
Everyone has different feelings about how the proceeds from their life insurance trust should be used. The best way to ensure that your wishes are carried out is by providing specific instructions in the trust. No one can change these instructions and the trustee must follow them to the letter.
Whether it’s providing income to a surviving spouse, funding education for children or grandchildren, or contributing to a favorite charity, the trustee complies with the instructions in the trust.
The Policy Can Be Funded Through Annual Gifts
If the money to buy the life insurance policy was to be transferred directly to the trustee, it could be subject to a gift tax. Instead, gifts of up to $12,000 annually can be made to each beneficiary of the trust with no gift tax. (A husband and wife can gift up to $24,000 per beneficiary.)
The process is simple. Money is given to the trustee on behalf of the beneficiaries. The trustee then notifies the beneficiaries that gifts have been received for them and, unless they elect to take the money immediately, the trustee will invest the funds by paying the premium on the insurance policy.
Existing Policies Can Be Transferred to an Insurance Trust
The only restriction on transferring existing policies to an insurance trust is that if the person who creates the trust dies within three years of the date of the transfer, the IRS will consider it invalid and the insurance will be included in the taxable estate. A gift tax may also be incurred.
Choosing the Right Trustee is Important
Choosing a trustee is a decision to be considered carefully. To benefit from the tax advantages, you must name a third party.
Some people prefer to name a spouse or child as owner of the insurance policy, but there are risks with this arrangement. If a spouse or child owns the insurance policy and dies first, the cash (or termination) value of the policy would be included in his or her taxable estate. That defeats the original objective to save on estate taxes.
Also, if someone else other than the trust owns the policy, there is the risk that he or she could name another beneficiary, take the cash value and change, or even cancel, the policy.
Generally, the safest alternative is to choose an independent trust company, preferably one that is highly skilled at dealing with the intricacies of life insurance trusts.
The Advantages of the Raymond James Trust N.A.
There are several advantages to naming Raymond James Trust as trustee. Unlike other providers for trust services, our skilled trust specialists deal exclusively with trust issues. The solutions our trust experts provide are never “one size fits all,” but are individually tailored to fit personal needs.
In addition, Raymond James Trust offers:
- Professional management by trained experts,
- Impartiality in making investment decisions and in dealing with beneficiaries,
- Dedication to Service 1stSM, Raymond James’ commitment to placing our clients’ interests first and serving them with integrity, innovation, quality and hard work,
- State-of-the-art technology to serve clients better and faster, and
- The confidence that comes from knowing your trustee is subject to regular audits by external auditors and government regulators.
Count on Experience You Can Trust from a Name You Know
Raymond James Trust N.A. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Raymond James Financial, Inc. (NYSE-RJF) which provides financial services to individuals, corporations and municipalities.
Raymond James Trust N.A. began in 1991 as the Raymond James Trust Company in St. Petersburg, Florida. To better serve its clients outside of the southeastern U.S., the Raymond James Trust Company West was acquired (as Sound Trust Company) in 1993. Over the years, the two companies have grown to manage over $1.6 billion in assets in most of the 50 states and a number of foreign countries. In 2007, Raymond James Trust Company successfully completed the rigorous application process to gain a national trust charter and changed its name to Raymond James Trust N.A.
Under its federal charter, Raymond James Trust N.A. may act as trustee, custodian, personal representative or agent to the trustee in a wide variety of trust and estate situations in every state of the U.S.
Timing is Everything…Plan Now. Enjoy the confidence that comes from knowing that your estate is protected from estate taxes and preserved for your heirs.
A beneficiary is the person, institution or organization that receives the proceeds from a trust or from an insurance policy when the insured dies.
Charitable remainder trust
A charitable remainder trust is an irrevocable trust that enables an investor to give highly appreciated assets to his or her favorite charity and still derive lifetime income and enjoy tax advantages.
Life insurance trust
A life insurance trust allows the trustee to purchase a life insurance policy with the person who owns the estate as the insured and the trust as the owner. Usually, the trust is also the beneficiary of the policy. The proceeds from a life insurance trust are often used to pay taxes, legal fees, probate costs and other liabilities when the person who created the trust dies.
Net estate is the sum of the market value of an individual’s assets, less liabilities. These assets may include real estate, personal property, businesses, bank accounts, investments, IRAs or other retirement benefits, and life insurance.
Important Information About Procedures for Opening a New Account
To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, the USA Patriot Act requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person (including business entities) who opens an account.
What This Means to You:
When you open an account, we will ask for your name, physical address, date of birth, taxpayer identification number, and other information that will allow us to identify you. We may also ask to see your driver’s license or other identifying documents. We will let you know if additional information is required.